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Bitches Brew is a studio double album by jazz musician Miles Davis, released in April 1970 on Columbia Records. The album continued his experimentation with electric instruments previously featured on his critically acclaimed In a Silent Wayalbum. With the use of these instruments, such as the electric piano and guitar, Davis rejected traditional jazz rhythms in favor of a looser, rock-influenced improvisational style.

Bitches Brew was Davis’s first gold record;it sold more than half a million copies. Upon release, it received a mixed response, due to the album’s unconventional style and revolutionary sound. Later, Bitches Brew gained recognition as one of jazz’s greatest albums and a progenitor of the jazz rock genre, as well as a major influence on rock and funk musicians.The album won a Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album in 1971.

miles

So this was the climate with Columbia and me just before I went into the studio to record Bitches Brew. What they didn’t understand was that I wasn’t prepared to be a memory yet, wasn’t prepared to be listed only on Columbia’s so-called classical list. I had seen the way to the future with my music, and I was going for it like I had always done. Not for Columbia and their record sales, and not for trying to get to some young white record buyers. I was going for it for myself, for what I wanted and needed in my own music. I wanted to change course, had to change course for me to continue to believe in and love what I was playing.”

“I told the musicians that they could do anything they wanted, play anything they heard but that I had to have this, what they did, as a chord. Then they knew what they could do, so that’s what they did. Played off that chord, and it made it sound like a whole lot of stuff.”

‘Miles: the autobiography’ Miles Davis, 1990.

1. Pharaoh’s Dance
2. Bitches Brew 20:05
3. Spanish Key 47:04
4. John McLaughlin 1:04:40
5. Miles Runs The Voodoo Down 1:09:05
6. Sanctuary 1:23:10

Miles Davis – trumpet
Wayne Shorter – soprano saxophone
Bennie Maupin – bass clarinet
Joe Zawinul – electric piano – Left
Chick Corea – electric piano – Right
John McLaughlin – electric guitar
Dave Holland – bass
Harvey Brooks – electric bass
Lenny White – drum set – Left
Jack DeJohnette – drum set – Right
Don Alias – congas
Juma Santos (credited as “Jim Riley”) – shaker, congas